Formal semantics Stanford
Winter 1999, MW 2.30-4
Instructor: Prof. Chris Kennedy
Office: 2016 Sheridan Rd., Rm. 12 (Linguistics Department)
Office Hours: After class or by appointment
This is a first course in formal semantics, designed to introduce participants to the core empirical domain of natural language semantics and the analytical tools used in the investigation of this domain. After constructing a broad picture of the study of meaning in natural language, we will turn our attention to the core areas of formal semantics: the study of the truth-conditional aspects of meaning and the compositional interpretation of phrases and sentences. Participants will learn how to use the tools of formal semantics (such as propositional and predicate calculus) and how to apply these tools to construct explanations of (among other things): inference patterns, quantification, scope ambiguities, and anaphoric relations. We will conclude by exploring some current issues in semantics, including generalized quantifier theory, dynamic semantics, and (time-permitting) tense, mood, and modality.
The class will be conducted through lecture and discussion, as well as weekly problem sets. There will be a take-home midterm, due at the end of the 7th week, as well as a short paper, due at the end of the quarter. The paper can focus on any issue involving the formal interpretation of linguistic expressions, but the topic should be approved by the instructor by the end of the 8th week.
For undergraduates, Linguistics B05 or permission of the instructor.
Weekly problem sets (30%), take-home exam (30%), 8-12 page squib (30%), classroom participation (10%).
- The weekly problem sets will be due on Mondays at the beginning of class, starting 1.11.98. Late homeworks will not be accepted! Model answers to the weekly problem sets will be made available on the web after the homeworks are handed in. They can be accessed by linking to the following pages:
- A brief (1 page) abstract describing your squib topic will be due on 3.1.98.
SyllabusWeek 1: Setting the stage
Meaning in natural language: lexicon, utterance, discourse [de Swart ch. 1, Bach ch. 1]
Truth-conditional aspects of meaning [de Swart ch. 2]
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