Photos courtesy of Hans C

Frame semantics

Frame semantics is a theory of linguistic meaning developed by Charles J. Fillmore that extends his earlier case grammar. It relates linguistic semantics to encyclopaedic knowledge. The basic idea is that one cannot understand the meaning of a single word without access to all the essential knowledge that relates to that word. For example, one would not be able to understand the word "sell" without knowing anything about the situation of commercial transfer, which also involves, among other things, a seller, a buyer, goods, money, the relation between the money and the goods, the relations between the seller and the goods and the money, the relation between the buyer and the goods and the money and so on.

Thus, a word activates, or evokes, a frame of semantic knowledge relating to the specific concept it refers to (or highlights, in frame semantic terminology).

A semantic frame is a collection of facts that specify "characteristic features, attributes, and functions of a denotatum, and its characteristic interactions with things necessarily or typically associated with it." A semantic frame can also be defined as a coherent structure of related concepts that are related such that without knowledge of all of them, one does not have complete knowledge of any one; they are in that sense types of gestalt. Frames are based on recurring experiences. So the commercial transaction frame is based on recurring experiences of commercial transactions.

Words not only highlight individual concepts, but also specify a certain perspective from which the frame is viewed. For example "sell" views the situation from the perspective of the seller and "buy" from the perspective of the buyer. This, according to Fillmore, explains the observed asymmetries in many lexical relations.

While originally only being applied to lexemes, frame semantics has now been expanded to grammatical constructions and other larger and more complex linguistic units and has more or less been integrated into construction grammar as the main semantic principle. Semantic frames are also becoming used in information modeling, for example in Gellish, especially in the form of 'definition models' and 'knowledge models'.

Frame semantics has much in common with the semantic principle of profiling from Ronald W. Langacker's Cognitive Grammar.

See also:
  • Want to make your own website? Be sure to check out our guide!
Adobe Adobe ColdFusion 10 Standard
Software (Adobe)
  • Working with PDF documents-Work efficiently with PDF files and reduce the required code by directlyadding images, watermarks, headers, and footers to your documents.
  • Security enhancements-Make your server more secure against cross-site scripting and cross-site requestforgery using functions to sanitize user input.
  • Hotfix installer and notification-Get instant notifications of updates to ColdFusion in your ColdFusionAdministrator, and save time on installing updates using the...
  • Improved web services support-Publish and access web services with less code using the revamped enginethat supports the WSDL 2.0 specification, SOAP 1.2, and document...
  • Improved scheduler-Achieve better scheduled task management using the new scheduler engine. Programtasks to run periodically at predetermined times using new, built-in...
Ensisinfo Inc Spire XLS Pro Edition E-iceblue
Software (Ensisinfo Inc)
  • File Format Supports: support both for the old Excel 97-2003 format (.xls) and for the new Excel 2007,Excel 2010 and Excel 2013 (.xlsx, .xlsb, .xlsm), along with...
  • Conversion: Excel to HTML/XML/CSV, XML/CSV to Excel, Excel to Image, Excel to Text, Excel to PDF
  • Page Setup Features: Adjust your page orientation, scaling, paper size. Specify your margins and page centering. Create or edit your header and/or footer with image...
  • Contents Features: Create and Edit Excel, Find and Replace Data, Print excel files, Import/Export data from a DataTable, DataView, Array, DataGrid etc. Save Excel...
  • Formatting Features: Apply all characters formatting in the cells including fonts, colors, effects, fill and shading. Apply all the Number Format Settings (supported...
Ensisinfo Inc Spire PDF for Silverlight E-iceblue
Software (Ensisinfo Inc)
  • Draw shapes such as rectangles, circles, arcs, ellipses and fill them with custom brushes Load Images to PDF documents from streams and files on disk. It can draw...
  • Datatable can be imported into the PDF files. Rows and columns can be formatted. You can also insert graphic elements inside the table Auto Page Breaks for large...
  • Drawing Form Fields like buttons, text boxes, list boxes, check boxes, and so on, into the PDF document Drawing Header and Footer in a PDF document
  • Read existing PDF forms and filling the form
  • HTML web page pagination is available to render large web pages into PDF without any text truncation at page breaks. Also, you can render the web pages as streams...
Related Posts