tag maybe you are

Footer tag HTML

Please note, that the content model of footer has now been updated to reflect that of header, so you can have navs & headings in your footers. For more information, please read my updated article The Footer Element Update. and read the tracking note.

For some time now we’ve become accustomed to seeing

at the bottom of web pages but with the introduction of HTML 5 it’s time to say goodbye. With the addition of the new element we now have more scope and flexibility.

According to the spec

The footer element represents a footer for its nearest ancestor sectioning content or sectioning root element. A footer typically contains information about its section such as who wrote it, links to related documents, copyright data, and the like.

Lets get started

Before we get stuck into dissecting the new element, let’s lay the foundations for the article and cover the basics. As we’ve already mentioned above, most people would have laid out the footer as follows

  • copyright
  • sitemap
  • contact
  • to top

However with the creation of HTML 5 this is no longer the case. As you may already know, there is now no longer the need for the element for many elements. In our case, when referring to the footer, the appropriate markup would be

As I mentioned in the first paragraph, originally the element was only utilised once within our pages but with the introduction of the new element, this no longer needs to be the case. The element can now be used multiple times and to display all the extra information.

Using the footer element

An important point to note is that you are not restricted to use one element per site, you can use multiple footers, each of which will then become the for that section of the document. You could therefore have


Section content appears here. Footer information for section.


Article content appears here. Footer information for article.

To see an example of the within an article/section look no further than this very page. Scroll down beyond the article and you will notice the light grey text section, which falls directly after the “further reading”. This grey text section which gives information about trackbacks, responses, tags and categories is infact using the footer element.


We’ve already outlined what the new footer can look like .

Other Thoughts

I was initially thrown off-course by the presentational name of the element; my use here isn’t at the bottom of the page, or even at the bottom of the article, but it certainly seems to fit the bill – it’s information about its section, containing author name, links to related documents (comments) and the like. There’s no reason that you can’t have more than one footer on page; the spec’s description says “the footer element represents a footer for the section it applies to” and a page may have any number of sections. The spec also says “Footers don’t necessarily have to appear at the end of a section, though they usually do.”

Bruce Lawson –


The footer element offers the chance to define web pages giving them the correct semantic mark-up that they deserve but it’s vital to use these new found tags as they were intended for. Let’s not get carried away and misuse this tag like we have done with tables and divs.

You might also like
How to program in HTML #10 - Base and Link Tags
How to program in HTML #10 - Base and Link Tags
A how to guide in HTML - How to Write an HTML Tag
A how to guide in HTML - How to Write an HTML Tag
How to program in HTML #12 - Meta Tags
How to program in HTML #12 - Meta Tags
TOUGH-GRID 750lb Paracord / Parachute Cord - This Is The Actual "Mil Spec" Type IV 750lb Paracord Used & Certified by the US Military (MIl-C-5040-H). It Is The Best Paracord Available. See Our Many Expert Reviews. 50Ft. - Black
  • REALLY TOUGH! 200lbs Stronger Than Common 550 Cord & Only 1/32 Thicker With 11 Triple Strands
  • MILITARY GRADE 100% Nylon - Type IV Mil-C-5040-H Mil Spec. *U.S. Military Does Not Use All Colors
  • NEVER SPLICED All 50, 100, 200 & 500 Footers Are Guaranteed Continuous. 1Ft. May Have 2 Sections
  • HOLDS SHAPE BETTER Doesn t Flatten-Out Like 550 or Cheaper Commercial-Grade Cord. See Images
  • MANY USES Great For Camping, Emergency/Disaster Prep. & Crafts Like Bracelets, Belts, Lanyards etc.
Ronix Ronix 2015 R6 80 80 FT 6 Section Mainline (Neon Yellow) Wakeboard Rope
Sports (Ronix)
  • Brand: Ronix
  • Color: Yellow
Html 5 tutorial - 12 - Using footer element.mp4
Html 5 tutorial - 12 - Using footer element.mp4
HTML 4 Building Footer of Website Part 44
HTML 4 Building Footer of Website Part 44
Learn HTML with Keith: Footer and Header
Learn HTML with Keith: Footer and Header
Footer Family Watch Me Grow - Memories and Milestones Keepsake - 4 Year Baby, Child & Parent Kit
Baby Product (Footer Family)
  • Inclues Watch Me Grow, Footer Family Foot Measue, Height tape and Calender/Height Stickers!
  • 24 pages to document children s growth & development, every 4 months, for 4 years!
  • Family FUN Keepsake, you do together with your child or grandchild! Wonderfully fun themes for each section!
  • The Footer Family Foot Measure is Accepted by the APMA (American Podiatric Medical Association)
  • Don t Miss a Thing! Record their Measurements and Milestones! Made in Wisconsin, USA!
Individual Software Professor Teaches Excel and Word 2010
Software (Individual Software)
  • Complete and interactive training software for Excel and Word 2010
  • Self-paced lessons allow for practicing in a realistic simulation of the software
  • Hundreds of learning lessons for beginner through advanced subjects
  • Chapters organized by learning objectives; Professor Answers offers fast help
  • Learn how to create documents, spreadsheets, and presentations
EC Technologies Microsoft Word 2013 Quick Reference Guide: Important Paragraph & Text Formatting Techniques (204)
CE (EC Technologies)
  • Part of a series of several quick reference guides for Word 2013, each focusing on a set of specific and important topics such as Word 2013-201: Word 2013 New Features...
  • A complete guide to learn document formatting techniques such as tabs, indents, line spacing, section breaks and more.
  • Our quick reference guides will help you learn what you want when you need it. Save valuable time and increase productivity.
  • Unlike the competition, our quick reference guides are designed with clear step by step instructions based on exercises that you perform.
  • All you need, in an illustrated, durable and easy-to-use quick reference guide.
Footer HTML5 tutorial
Footer HTML5 tutorial
Related Posts