The words semantics in a sentence
Van Berkum, J. J. A., Hagoort, P., & Brown, C. M. (1999). Semantic integration in sentences and discourse: Evidence from the N400. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 11(6), 657-671. doi:10.1199563724.
In two ERP experiments we investigated how and when the language comprehension system relates an incoming word to semantic representations of an unfolding local sentence and a wider discourse. In experiment 1, subjects were presented with short stories. The last sentence of these stories occasionally contained a critical word that, although acceptable in the local sentence context, was semantically anomalous with respect to the wider discourse (e.g., "Jane told the brother that he was exceptionally slow" in a discourse context where he had in fact been very quick). Relative to coherent control words (e.g., "quick"), these discourse-dependent semantic anomalies elicited a large N400 effect that began at about 200-250 ms after word onset. In experiment 2, the same sentences were presented without their original story context. Although the words that had previously been anomalous in discourse still elicited a slightly larger average N400 than the coherent words, the resulting N400 effect was much reduced, showing that the large effect observed in stories was related to the wider discourse. In the same experiment, single sentences that contained a clear local semantic anomaly elicited a standard sentence-dependent N400 effect (e.g., Kutas & Hillyard, 1980). The N400 effects elicited in discourse and in single sentences had the same time course, overall morphology, and scalp distribution. We argue that these findings are most compatible with models of language processing in which there is no fundamental distinction between the integration of a word in its local (sentence-level) and its global (discourse-level) semantic context.who is an entrepreneur give an example which development changes are associated with puberty how much development length of steel reinforcement what product sells the most on amazon how much solution to put in rug doctor product where name how often to maintain muscle where is dom from project runway what system does the us use what product is dr pepper where london map entrepreneur who when device is offline how much business analyst make teaching where are you from where to buy solutions 4 products how business credit cards work where to make road map how often should decalcifying solutions be changed how often to service well which product is required to be sterile quizlet how solution concentration which device performs the function of determining how much solution for vax carpet cleaner who science council genomics how often change solution contact how solution priority number is calculated how long does solution finish last why startup fail how many start ups in the uk why solutions class 4 why system variables are not editable where design definition what design style is restoration hardware in startup who ends up with who what entrepreneur qualities which science major is the easiest how often should a manager meet with employees what solution to use for window tint when science meets religion how teaching should take place where science and spirituality meet which business degree is best where to manage passwords in chrome when device a has a cable who solution definition what device is this where's application manager on iphone