What is semantics in English?
Post written by Astrid De Wit & Frank Brisard based on an article in Journal of Linguistics
It is well known that the progressive in English can be used in a notably wide range of contexts: it may express ongoingness at a specific reference point (Be quiet, please, I’m working), habits with limited duration (I’m eating a lot of chocolate this winter), or futurity (I’m coming home tomorrow), just to name a few. Various studies also note the use of the progressive in so-called “emotional contexts”, in which it indicates, for instance, intensity or irritation (She’s always complaining). In addition, our corpus research shows that the progressive can be used to reinterpret an event previously introduced in discourse, as in He talks about minorities, but he’s really talking about African Americans. Given this notable variety of uses, studies that address the semantics of the English progressive almost invariably refrain from positing one, unifying meaning for the construction. In other words, the various uses of the English progressive are typically considered the result of homonymic coincidence, and the possibility of there being semantically motivated relationships between them is discarded.
On the basis of a study of the use of the English present progressive in the Santa Barbara corpus of American English (part 1), we suggest that a monosemous account of the construction is nevertheless possible, provided that the basic meaning of the construction is conceived of in modal (epistemic) terms rather than in purely aspectual or temporal ones. The theory of Cognitive Grammar, as laid out by Langacker (1987; 1991), provides the tools needed for such an epistemic account. We propose, more specifically, that the English (present) progressive indicates that situations are construed as contingent with respect to the speaker’s conception of reality, and that it thus contrasts with the simple present which construes situations as having a structural status. That is, the simple present involves situations whose occurrence and evolution can be predicted, whereas the progressive involves more phenomenal situations. For instance, in She always complains the subject’s complaining is conceived of as a typical, expected characteristic, whereas in She is always complaining the situation is construed as more atypical, irritating, and possibly (preferably) changeable.What is the allocated amount of tips per year A place where with sponge and trampoline for everyone to jump and do tricks How to kill bed bugs How kelly conway tricks what is mean math what does gay mean How to get a police report? what does concurrent mean How to use spells in elden ring what does noel mean in the bible what does israel mean in the bible what does it mean to rush in college How to make a cloud in little alchemy 2 How to play for tips sims 4 what does resentment mean what does chloe mean what do white flowers mean what does stamina mean Hirevue tips for interviewees who are blind how to find weighted mean How to get mortgage Ps4 spider man how to perform tricks in midair How to obtain a cpn number? Four tips for how to effectively interview a patient How to cook pork chops what do the numbers mean in blood pressure what does priceless mean what does a hair diffuser do what does tina turner look like now what does r mean How to watch dirty tricks documentary A person who works at night, on stage, can do tricks what does h How to make a fifi what are the 4 stages of heart failure what does wet mean Usa today travel tips how to renew passport at the philippine embassy How to stop vomiting immediately How tricks done on fool us Tips how to write a good summary what does deadlift workout Youtube tips on how to study the bible what does al mean what does metamorphic mean what are pin worms How to change folder icon mac How to treat hypothyroidism? what does fun size mean what are the two main parts of the nephron? How long to build a house? How to tame a parrot in minecraft what time does the post office close near me what are the final stages of dementia what does clutch mean what stores are open for black friday what does consume mean How to store bananas? what does ig mean in text message What are the tricks to getting a comicon ticket? what does hippa mean what does psalm 91 mean what days are big brother on How to draw a polar bear Sims 3 how to perform skate tricks How to make a caption flip out from left css tricks How to make steel? How to speak italian what does a zpack treat How to recover deleted texts? How to rice cauliflower? What size cake decorating tips should you get for writing with icing? what does ribosomes do How to use bitcoin atm How to heal cavities in 2 days what does squared mean what does raising the debt ceiling mean How to find x and y intercepts How to lift your butt what does b12 do for you what does aperol taste like what does duff stand for How to get rid of static in hair? How to tighten glasses? what does conductor mean what does resigning from the academy of motion pictures mean what does aita mean How to reset samsung tv? How the eyes tricks itself How to tell if a rolex is real? what does broil mean what are the vowels what does a b12 shot do How to treat constipation what are the provinces of canada Investing tips: how to get started How to heal from trauma? what does ipa mean in beer How to stop your mind from playing tricks on you Tips on how to win the lottery in How to back up samsung phone what do precipitation percentages mean How do you tax tips How to trade dogecoin what does it mean when your legs twitch Word for who use tricks as miracle How not to get hurt doing bmx tricks How to make fried eggs what does rowing machine work what does d mean for shoe width what do 777 mean How to do tricks with a te what baseball cards from the '90s are worth money How much pepto to give a dog? How can i train my dog to do tricks How to care for a snake plant? How to make skin color paint? what team does odell beckham jr play for what are the winning powerball numbers for tonight